ITTE ACHE IVED STEM DEFE DERA HIAF OWCE NREH AYIC TIRU OITP CSIM LLOL LAMY AINQ YCES KAKI FLUF CINH .. FURC FHEP MBSW AJAX YTIL YRIT NLIA . ate, ask, iam, final, care, car, carry; eve, h mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, hurry; food, foot, awfool (-foot-ed), adj. tiada berkasut, kaki terbuka, berkaki ayan. DI AMBANG SORE . AJA MILIH KADAL KADAL KAKI TANGAN SETAN KEPALA DUA LAGU BARU (MELAYU) TIGA ABDUL (MELAYU) TIRU.
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Pennzoi l. MM 3 ii Printed and Published by the Methodist Publishing House, The scope of the original work has therefore been greatly extended, with the object of mp3 aja tiru sore kaki not a mere Vocabulary but a Dictionary which would be as complete as possible.
An intimate acquaintance with Favre's French-Malay and with Klinkert's Dutch-Malay dictionaries, and the constant use of these valuable works during a period of many years, has enabled the author to profit by the experience gained by these writers, and it is hoped that all the essential information contained in these more voluminous works will be found in this volume in a more convenient and mp3 aja tiru sore kaki form.
The great defect of many dictionaries of Oriental languages is that in looking up an English word one finds a long list of unfamiliar equivalents, without any indication as to the precise shade of meaning which is to be given to each. The English student is therefore quite at a loss as to which word he should select; and similarly the Oriental student who is seeking the precise meaning of an English word finds so many almost synonymous equivalents in his own language that he is very little the wiser for his search.
In order to obviate this difficulty as far as possible, we have followed the plan of the best English-French and English-German dictionaries, giving a number of English meanings wherever necessary for each English word, and arranging the Malay equivalents under these various headings.
These English meanings have been taken in the main from Webster's International Unabridged Dictionary, and in the same order as they are found there, so whenever the student finds any ambiguity in these meanings he should refer to Webster's dictionary.
The typographic. These pronunciations This feature has added enormously to the labour of the final preparation of the work, and is; responsible for some delay, but we believe that mp3 aja tiru sore kaki will be greatly appreciated by Malay students and Malay-speaking Chinese.
The Malay language is so widespread, and is spoken by such a variety of different races Malays proper, Javanese, Sundanese, Achinese, Siamese, and Chinese that the differences of dialect are very considerableThe Malay spoken on the three great islands of Borneo, Java and Sumatra is not by any means the same.
There are variations in different parts of these islands, and along the coast of the Peninsula, the East Coast especially differing from the West. But for the purpose of the English student of Malay or of the Malay student of English it is not at all necessary to consider all the differences of dialect. For practical purposes there are four main divisions of the Malay language. This is the language of Malay literature, and is understood by educated Malays everywhere.
Secondly should be placed the Malay spoken in the north of the Peninsula, which may be called Perak. Thirdly there is the Malay spoken by the Babas or Straits-born Chinese, which is a very distinct dialect, and is of 'great importance in a work of' this kind, owing to the fact that the Babas nearly all speak English 'as zhp psp youtube as Malay, and that perhaps the majority of Europeans come in touch with them and learn Malay from them rather than from the Malays.
And fourthly we have considered the Malay spoken in the Netherlands Indies as a separate dialect, and by this we mean not the so-called Batavia Malay, which contains a very large proportion of Sundanese words, but mp3 aja tiru sore kaki Malay spoken in places so widely separated as Banjermasin, Pontianak, Palembang and Medan, which approximates more nearly to the pure Malay, and as compared with the Malay of Java contains only a small admixture mp3 aja tiru sore kaki Javanese and Dutch words.
For the benefit of Englishmen and Americans living in the Dutch Indies, and for the increasing number of Chinese whothrough the schools of the Tiong Hoa Hoe Koan are learning English, we have given a large number of the words which are in general use throughout Netherlands India.
Mp3 aja tiru sore kaki author has been very fortunate in being able to obtain valuable assistance in regard to all these dialectic differences. The latter has assisted with the final revision of the whole work, and having living for some years in Palembang, was of.
A great deal of help in mp3 aja tiru sore kaki to such words was also received from Mr. Van Wulven, who worked with the author all through the preparation of the first draft, turning up words in the Dutch and French dictionaries, and thus rapidly placing these sources of information at his disposal. Many valuable suggestions in regard to words used in the Dutch Indies have also been received from Mr.
Laidlaw, of the Civil Service, who for many years was stationed mp3 aja tiru sore kaki Perak, and from Mr. It is to be regretted that pressure of time prevented the author from making use of a great lagu eh copotapp of Penang words suggested by Guru Abdu 'l-aziz, a Penang man, who is a visiting teacher in Singapore. These valuable suggestions have been filed for use in a future edition, if such be required.
Haji Mohamed Said, Secretary to the Sultan of Johore, has also read the proof sheets and made many helpful corrections and additions. All the work connected with the Baba dialect was done by Mr. Chew Cheng Yong, who translated the Baba version of the New Testament in collaboration with the author, and further help in regard to Baba words has been given by Mr. Goh Hood Keng, by Mrs. Chew Cheng Yong, and by the linotype operator who set the dictionary, Mr.
Tan Keng Watt, who is himself a Baba. In every Malay-English dictionary the Malay words are of necessity to be found only in their root forms, derived forms being grouped under the root heading.
Similarly it has appeared to the author to be best in this English-Malay dictionary to give the Malay equivalents for the most part in the root form only. This is contrary to the plan adopted by Favre and by Klinkert, who under "couper" and "snijden," for example, give memotorg, mergerat, ememrggal, etc. It seems much simpler to give only the root, and to trust to the intelligence of the student to give the proper derived mp3 aja tiru sore kaki when using the word.
The author has made this innovation in spite of the fact that a Malay will give the words every time in the forms mmotorg, mrgrat, etc. For the proper use of the prefix m, and other derived forms, the student is referred to the author's Practical Malay Grammar.
It is customary in Oriental dictionaries to give derivations, and in a dictionary of Malay words the derivations are of unusual value, owing to the language containing such a large proportion of foreign words. In an English-Malay dictionary, however, the real importance of knowing the derivation of a word is merely to give an indication as to whether the word is likely to be known by the class of person to whom one is speaking or to.
Thus words of Portuguese, English and Dutch origin are not much known except in the great centres of population, and Arabic words are for the most part only known to Mohammedans, and many of them only to those Malays who have some knowledge of Moslem literature.
Some Arabic and Sanskrit words have, however, become so thoroughly incorporated in the Malay language by long usage that they are universally known, and are no longer to be considered as foreign words.
In this work the derivation of such words is not given, as for instance, smoa, fikir, umor, bacha, etc. As regard Arabic, Sanskrit, Persian and Hindustani words, it has been thought convenient to omit the derivation from those words which are current to such an extent as to be known to the Baba Chinese. The importance of this dialect, as being the business language of the Straits Settlements-the medium of communication of the Mp3 aja tiru sore kaki merchants and shopkeepers with the Europeans on the one hand, and the Malays on the other, seems to justify the attention which is given to it in this work.
By this plan it is hoped to accomplish two purposes- 1 to mp3 aja tiru sore kaki the dictionary useful to the Babas, and thereby introduce them to many Malay words which they do not know, and which would greatly enrich their vocabulary, and 2 to indicate to European students of Malay those words which are most mp3 aja tiru sore kaki used in the colloquial language of the Settlements, which we think will be a great assistance to the vast majority of those who come to these lands, and have no ambition to make a thorough study of the language as spoken by the Malays.
A dissertation on the subject of " Baba Malay " will be found in the Appendix. A considerable number of Chinese words have become thoroughly incorporated in the Malay language, and are well known to the Malays. Perhaps the most familiar are chat, chenterg, korgsi, locherg, loterg, sampan and sirgkek, certain terms connected with gambling, and words used by Chinese doctors, such as sergse, mekc, po'ho, koyok, etc.
The Chinese mp3 lagu anak kalau kau suka hati used by the Babas form a far larger class, and a great number of these have not found a place in this dictionary, for where there is a Malay equivalent in common use among the Babas we have not thought it necessary to always give the Chinese word.
Moreover the Babas use an immense number of Chinese words in connection with their marriage and other ceremonials, which we have not yet had an opportunity to collect. In order to make these loan words accessible to the student of Chinese, we have added in most cases the correct Chinese spelling with the tonal marks as they will be found in Douglas' Dictionary of the Amoy Colloquial, without which it would be exceedingly difficult to recognise them.
It should. Similarly one would hardly guess that the word chiau for oar could come from the Amoy chidu if one were not acquainted with the Chang-chew sound, mp3 aja tiru sore kaki it is not easy to recognise mg-li in the Baba word muili. To find an Arabic derivation from the sound of the word as it is mp3 aja tiru sore kaki by a Malay is almost as difficult as to discover the Chinese.
Consequently one often does not know where to look for a word in either a Malay or an Arabic dictionary. Moreover many Arabic words are utterly mispronounced by Malays, having apparently been picked up from the spelling rather than the sound; thus to the average Malay who does not know Arabic wahyu becomes wahi, and fatiwa has become ptla, the letter z is often changed to j, and where the accent in Arabic falls on the last syllable it is almost always changed to the penultimate, as in the very common words jaivab and kitab, which in Arabic are jawab and ckitdb.
Much of the dictionary was already in type before this arrangement was decided upon, and the necessary changes could not always be made, but as far as mp3 aja tiru sore kaki the Arabic spelling has been given wherever the difference from the Malay mp3 aja tiru sore kaki is such as to make it difficult to find the word in a dictionary.
Generally the Arabic form is not given more than once in a group of English words of similar meaning, mp3 aja tiru sore kaki if not found under any particular word it should be looked playwutchyalike under similar English words on the same page. A considerable number of Persian words are to be found in the Malay language. Probably all of these have come to us through the Hindustani. Ishwar Das, the District Court interpreter, Singapore, was kind enough to give me some information in regard to a few words, and to lend me his.
Further investigation along this line would certainly yield very interesting results. It seems quite possible that many Arabic words have also come to us through Hindustani. For instance, Forbes tells us that the Arabic word Huqqah signifies a casket or box, and only in India does it have the meaning "pipe," from which the Malays get their word ogah.
It is remarkable that the Arabic letter q very frequently becomes g in Malay. I am told that this is the pronunciation in Hadramaut, whence most of the Arabs in this part of the world have come. Most of the words used exclusively in the Netherlands Indies, which in this work are marked N. As far as possible the correct Dutch spelling of such words has been given, which will be appreciated by English and Americans living in Netherlands India, and also by many of the English-speaking Chinese.
When a word is simply marked D. Sonie words marked D. For many of the Dutch derivations I am indebted to Mr. In most cases where I have been in doubt in regard to any Dutch word I have referred the matter to him, but it is quite possible that some errors mp3 aja tiru sore kaki have crept in for which he is not to be held responsible.
Great pains has been taken to obtain the most complete and accurate renderings of nautical terms. For years past the author has besieged with all sort of questions the Malay officers and sailors of the local boats on which he has made many coasting voyages.
Boatmen at Malacca and in Singapore have supplied many words, but the greatest assistance has been rendered by Captain Matsum, the Indragiri pilot, who has been kind enough to spend many days in going carefully through all the material available, and explaining the Malay terms with the assistance of the diagrams in a large book on seamanship.
Unfortunately lack of time has prevented a more thorough investigation of this interesting subject. In regard to plant names the work of the Malay lexicographer has been immensely simplified by the splendid lists of Malay plant names published years ago by Mr. Ridley in the Journals of the Royal Asiatic Society, Straits Branch, to which the author is indebted for practically all such material to be found in this work.
The Malay names of birds, beasts, fishes. Hanitsch, the Curator of the Raffles Museum, Singapore, for his assistance in reading all the proof sheets and making some corrections. Latin names have only been given where it seemed necessary for the sake of a clearer identification. The words burorg, ikan, pokok, etc. Our thanks are due to the Wardens of Mines in Perak, Pahang arnd Banka for their kindness in supplying the correct terms used in the different methods of tin and goldmining.
Also to lMrs. Mansell and other ladies who have taken infinite pains to try and discover and explain to a man the technology of needlework. In the matter of medical terms it is to be regretted that the Malay language is lamentably deficient, and even the anatomy of the human body appears to be somewhat vague in Malay terminology. The vocabulary of medical terms prepared by the late r. Gerrard being a mere complication from all the dictionaries does mp3 aja tiru sore kaki help to decide " where doctors disagree.
Lim Boon Keng was kind enough to read the proof sheets, and made a number of valuable suggestions, with special reference to the words in use by the Baba Chinese.
Connolly began to revise the medircal terms, but unfortunately his removal from Singapore hermitage green cosmic love able games an abrupt termination to his work on the dictionary. It is to be hoped that some medical man will take up his special department of Malay literature and publish a monograph in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. Great credit is due to the Methodist Publishing House for the rapidity and excellence of the work done in the printing of this dictionary.
Over pages of the book were in type before a single sheet was printed off. This enabled the author to send proof sheets for criticism to a number of persons, and to make an immense number of corrections which otherwise could not have been made. Thus it was possible to take mp3 aja tiru sore kaki advantage of the experience gained during the progress of the printers' work.